Crown lengthening, as the name suggests, is a procedure that is used to increase the length of the crown part of the tooth. Our tooth has two parts namely crown and root. The crown is the exposed part of the tooth that is seen above the gums and is covered with enamel. The root is buried within the gums and jawbone.
Crown lengthening involves the pulling back of gums and make adjustments in the levels of the underlying bone to expose more tooth surface. This procedure can be carried out in the following cases-
- Cosmetic correction of Gummy smile– In some individuals, the gums extend to cover about a third of the crown portion of the teeth. This makes the teeth look shorter and create what is called as a ‘gummy smile’. To reduce excessive display of gums while smiling, crown lengthening can be carried out for enhanced esthetics. Apart from improvement in looks, the removal of excessive gum tissue can reduce the risk of periodontal disease as such people are more susceptible to develop periodontal problems.
- Dental decay below gumline– If there is dental decay below the gums, it becomes difficult to treat such teeth. The removal of the decayed part and then filling of the cavity can be facilitated through crown lengthening procedure.
- Tooth fractured below gumline– If a tooth breaks in such a way that the fracture line extends deep below the gums, crown lengthening can help located the fracture and restore the tooth appropriately.
Hence, you see how crown lengthening can be a necessary procedure when it comes to cosmetic or restorative enhancement of a beautiful smile.
How is crown lengthening done?
After a thorough dental check-up, your dentist is able to evaluate the actual condition of your teeth and gums. If crown lengthening is the treatment option suitable for your condition, you will be suggested for that. Here is what you can expect when the crown lengthening procedure is carried out-
- Your dentist will administer local anaesthesia before starting off with the procedure. Sedation can also be given if one opts for it.
- The area to be corrected is marked roughly and the gum tissue is peeled off slightly from those teeth.
- This exposes the underlying bone in which the teeth are anchored.
- Now the underlying bone is reshaped in such a way that the teeth appear longer yet symmetrical once the gums are placed back on the bone. If there is a dental decay, the bone is removed in order to expose the decayed part on the tooth.
- After bone reshaping the gum tissue is altered a bit so that it adapts correctly to its new position.
- Stitches are placed on the gums for it to heal around the teeth in their new positions. Complete healing occurs within two to three weeks.
Once the procedure is over, Sola Dental Spa staff will provide you with a list of instructions that you are supposed to follow diligently to ensure fast recovery without any complications.